Built in the midth century by a group of intrepid engineers and canny Midlands businessmen, the West Coast mainline connects five big cities: London, Birmingham, Manchester, Liverpool and Glasgow. Over a third of all British freight transported by rail travels on the line. Network Rail estimates it will be full by the middle of the next decade.
Najib : nation on his mind people in his heart
The crush on the line, and the large cost of repairing it, is one of the justifications for an entirely new line, HS2, which would run a little to the east. Victorian railway builders had a primitive understanding of geotechnical engineering, says Peter Flynn, the programme engineering manager at Network Rail. They drove their lines over sand, silt and clay, and used excavated material as foundation for the trains to run on. This can mean the ballast clogs up when it rains, providing less support for the tracks.
Rather than expensively tunnelling through hills, engineers often went around them, making curved tracks that are more susceptible to wear and tear. And much of the track backs on to houses or fenced-off fields. Railway workers have little room for manoeuvre, especially if trains are rattling past on an adjacent line. In America and Australia, by contrast, fleets of lorries can often pull up by the side of the railway.
Malaysia Booms as Najib Beats Growth Goal With Investment
This makes repairs expensive. But short bursts of maintenance are costly: work is planned months in advance and stretches over several evenings.
If something goes awry it is difficult to negotiate extra time. On the first night your correspondent visited the track, the overhead wires could not be disconnected in time. Most work ground to a halt as a result. Network Rail has moved from relying on people to using fancy machines. The train-like machine is a factory on wheels, a third of a mile long, which splits into three parts. The first part lifts out the old rail, scoops up old sleepers and shoots back spotless new ones before placing new rails on top.
Najib: Nation on His Mind, People in His Heart by Lim Kok Wing (eBook) - Lulu
The second part lowers the freshly-laid track by digging out ballast from underneath. Around 20 men operate it—there is even a canteen on board. It means that repairs can take place during the working week rather than just at weekends. In a high-speed camera was attached to a maintenance train which zips around the network. This cuts down the amount of time workers have to spend walking along inspecting the railway. And disasters such as a crash in Hatfield in , caused by a crack in the tracks on the East Coast mainline which was not picked up quickly enough by Railtrack, the predecessor to Network Rail, make many wary of cutting funding for railway maintenance.
Some rail boosters argue that the sheer expense of patching up a Victorian network suggests that Britain needs an entirely new railway line. Parts of a new line would not need renewing for 15 years or so. Unfortunately, lines such as the West Coast would still require costly investment even after HS2 is built.
Indeed, part of the business case for the speedy HS2 is that it would release more space on the West Coast mainline for freight, which pounds the track especially heavily. A new train line that is expensive to build would just run alongside an old one that is expensive to maintain. AFTER some unconvincing last-minute brinkmanship, Iran and the six world powers it is negotiating with decided on July 18th to extend the deadline for an agreement by four months.
In the meantime, the provisions of the six-month interim deal that came into force on January 20th and which confounded critics who feared it would undermine the sanctions regime will stay in place with a few minor tweaks.
The decision to extend the negotiations makes sense for both sides and was widely expected. Some progress has also been made on a plan to defang the heavy-water reactor at Arak that could provide Iran with an alternative plutonium path to a bomb, by adapting it to a design that produces far less plutonium.
Another issue that people close to the negotiations feel could soon be resolved is that of the enrichment facility at Fordow. Combined with the enhanced-inspection regime that Iran has largely co-operated with, these are potential gains worth holding on to, at least for now.
For Iran, the choice has been much starker. To walk away from the table at this point would be to condemn Iranians to the prospect of a failing economy permanently locked in the grip of an unyielding sanctions regime. Western negotiators are clearly hoping that contemplation of that grim prospect will give their Iranian counterparts the space they need to make the further concessions undoubtedly required if a comprehensive agreement is to be reached.
The Americans believe that anything above 3,, would be impossible to sell to a sceptical Congress.
- Spettacolo privato (Italian Edition).
- In Tanjung Piai visit ahead of polls, Najib crows that GST better than SST | Malaysia | Malay Mail!
- And Justice There is None (Duncan Kincaid / Gemma James Novels Book 8).
Yet the Iranians seem to be digging in their heels by coming up with ever-higher estimates of the number of centrifuges they aim to have. In a speech on July 7th, Mr Khamenei declared that Iran must be able to produce enough enriched uranium to fuel the Russian-built Bushehr nuclear reactor when a contract with Russia to supply fuel runs out in Iran would need more than , of the older IR-1 centrifuges that are the current backbone of its enrichment programme, or about 20, of the more efficient IR-2m centrifuges it has recently begun to deploy.
America has tacitly admitted that Iran will have to be allowed to do some enriching as the price for a deal that otherwise constrains its nuclear plans. But it will not accept that Iran, given its record of deceit and clandestine activity, needs a capacity to enrich that is possessed by very few other countries that use civil nuclear power. Iran has neither the technical knowledge nor the infrastructure to produce fuel of the type Bushehr requires. Iran is thinking in terms of not much more than five years, while the Americans and their partners have in mind ten to 20 years of punctilious compliance before Iran could start building up its centrifuges again.
It is possible that under such a deal Iran might be allowed to continue developing advanced centrifuges and learn the techniques of fuel fabrication, thus preparing itself for a more ambitious nuclear programme after the agreement expires. That, Mr Einhorn thinks, could be the basis of a compromise. Can Mr Rohani sell a deal along those lines back home, above all to the enigmatic Mr Khamenei?
They may not even know. But four months is not long to find out. The two sides have been arguing for months about a warrant, served on Microsoft in December, which requires the company to hand over e-mails stored at data centres in Ireland. Microsoft has already challenged the warrant once, but the judge who issued it upheld it. Microsoft has two main objections to the warrant, which law-enforcement officers sought during an investigation into drug-trafficking. First, it says, an American warrant cannot be used to seize evidence held abroad. The company says the government should get the information by approaching the Irish authorities, using a bilateral treaty.
The government calls this absurd. Microsoft, which has more than data centres in 40 countries, stores e-mails and other data according to where users say they live. The government also says using treaties to seek information can be slow. What is more, it argues, Microsoft is defining a warrant too narrowly. You got a point. PH should be fucking very careful, this year old regime BN are tricky bastard and know when to attack and how to win.
I sometimes see the phrase 'muda lupa' thrown around in this subreddit but tbh I sometimes feel like it's quite an apt term to describe a number of redditors here. You are only half right. Not on the Najib part. He is going to jail. People forgave Mahathir and let him become PM again. Well played.
You know what he really got a good PR team. They humanise him,made him seem more down to earth,likeable and a bit edgy for the teen,with the people vibes,and the media eat it up like a sponge spreading his new image. Meanwhile the new gov image,no need for me to explains. You simply can't take down a year old regime easily. Yet PAS leaders claim that they are not racist, narrow-minded, extremist or anti-Malaysian! Your subscription expires on. Your subscription will expire soon, kindly renew before. Any questions?
Bloomberg - Are you a robot?